Traveling-Wave Photomixers Based On Noncollinear Optical/Terahertz Phase-Matching
Shuji Matsuura, Geofrey A. Blake, R. A. Wyss, J. C. Pearson, Cristoph Kadow, Andrew W. Jackson, Arthur C. Gossard
Traveling-wave THz photomixers based on angle-tuned optical/THz phase-matching are experimentally demonstrated. A dc-biased coplanar stripline terminated by a planar antenna is fabricated on low-temperature-grown GaAs. A distributed area between the striplines is illuminated by two noncollinear laser beams which generate interference fringes accompanied by THz waves. The velocity of the optical fringe is matched to the THz-wave velocity in the stripline by tuning the incident angle of the laser beams. The device can handle the laser power over 300 mW and provides the THz output of -0.1 µW with the 3-dB bandwidth of 2 THz. The experimental results show that traveling-wave photomixers have the potential to surpass conventional small area designs.