ISSTT Proceedings

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A Broad Band Low Noise SIS Radiometer

Authors:
Alexandre Karpov, Jacques Blondel, Pavel Dmitriev, Valery Koshelets
Abstract:
A new type of ultra broad band SIS low noise radiometer has been developed. The SIS receiver instantaneous band of about 30% is significantly increased compared to traditional designs. We avoid a restriction related to the limited band of the Intermediate Frequency (IF) low noise amplifier by using a multifrequency heterodyne power source. In this regime the frequency mixing is performed simultaneously in a big number of the subbands and the IF signals are combined in a common amplifier. A low noise operation in this regime is possible due to the quantum nature of the frequency mixing in SIS quasi particle tunnel junctions. The SIS receiver covers 25 GHz band centered at 90 GHz with an equivalent noise temperature of about 50 K. The receiver uses a fixed tuned SIS mixer with Nb/A1 Ox/Nb junctions. The critical Josephson current density is about 2.6 KA/cm² and the junction area is of about 1.5 µm². The limits to further improvement of the radiometer and the possibilities for extension of the technique to the sub millimeter band are discussed.
Categories:
Poster Session
Year:
1999
Session:
8
Full-text:
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Page Number(s):
459-465