ISSTT Proceedings

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Superconducting Hot-Electron Bolometer Mixer For Terahertz Heterodyne Receivers

Authors:
Alexei D. Semenov, Heinz-Wilhelm Hübers, Heiko Richter, Konstantin Smirnov, Gregory N. Gol'tsman, Natalia Kaurova, Boris M. Voronov
Abstract:
A number of on-going astronomical and atmospheric research programs are aimed to the Terahertz (THz) spectral region. At frequencies above about 1.4 THz heterodyne receivers planned for these missions will use superconducting hot-electron bolometers as a mixers. We present recent results of the terahertz antenna development of superconducting NbN hot-electron bolometer mixer for GREAT (German Receiver for Astronomy at Teraheitz Frequencies, to be used aboard of SOFIA) and TELIS (Terahertz Limb Sounder). The mixer is incorporated into hybrid antenna consisting of a planar feed antenna, which has either logarithmic spiral or double-slot configuration, and hyper hemispherical silicon lens. The hybrid antenna showed almost frequency independent and symmetric radiation pattern with the beam-width slightly broader than expected for diffraction limited antenna. The noise temperature as well as its spectral dependence changes with the bolometer sizes that provides additional tool for mixer optimization. FTS spectra measured in the direct detection regime agreed with the noise temperature spectra.
Categories:
SIS Mixers
Year:
2003
Session:
2
Full-text:
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Page Number(s):
33-40